Music and Liturgy



The Bach Cantatas

Faculty: Dr. Martha H. Sobaje (Profile)

 

Description:  The Cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach, most of which were intended for worship in the German Lutheran Church, comprise a large segment of choral literature handed down to us from one of the greatest composers of all time. Following in the tradition of Martin Luther, Bach’s Cantatas are the best examples of Baroque Protestant Church Music in the vernacular rather than Latin. This etutorial will examine the context, music, librettos, and relevance for both “then” and “now” of these musical works.
 
Required Reading:
Optional Reading:

 

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Church Music and Administration

Faculty: Dr. Vivian Robles Dettbarn-Slaughter (Profile)

Prerequisites:  The student should be a working musician in a church-affiliated program, or a pastor involved in the music issues of the church.

Course Objectives:  This e-tutorial in Church Music and Administration is designed as an overview of issues that are encountered by a sacred music professional. The readings in both texts deal with music, worship, and theological issues, and generally refer to a traditional music setting in a Christian church, but students from all religious traditions can benefit from learning more about the practical issues involved in a church music program. The assigned readings, weekly responses, and final paper will allow the student to define and describe the realities of working in a music program in a congregational setting.
 
Required Textbook:  
  • Measels, Donald Clark, editor. Music Ministry: A Guidebook. Macon, GA: Smyth and Helwys Publishing, 2004. ISBN-13: 9781473124140, ISBN-10: 1573124141
  • Westermeyer, Paul. The Church Musician. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress, 1997, revised edition.   ISBN: 9780806633992

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Church Musicians: Get Your Music Published!

Faculty: Dr. Martha Sobaje (Profile)

Some of the most prolific composers today are church musicians who are constantly composing and arranging music for their church choir, handbell choir, organ service music, instrumental descants, and more. Only a few of this number have gone through the process of preparing and submitting their work for publication. While this etutorial is not intended as a composition course, it will give the already skilled composer/arranger the tools necessary to prepare for publication.

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The Complete Children’s Choir

Faculty: Dr. Christoph Tietze (Profile)

Description:  In the course, the student will develop skills in organizing and directing children’s choirs. It is designed for students who are already working with children’s choirs or who plan to direct one in the future. It is not a substitute for practical experience but should be taken as a supplement. 

Required textbooks:
  • Jean Ashworth Bartle, Sound Advice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-19-514178-8 
Optional:
  • Jean Ashworth Bartle, Lifeline for Children’s Choir Directors. Toronto: Gordon V. Thompson Music, 1993

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Contemporary Trends in Church Music

Faculty: Dr. Martha H. Sobaje (Profile)

Description: The issue of contemporary vs. traditional music for worship has never been more controversial than it is today. This e-tutorial is designed for those who want to examine contemporary, traditional, and blended styles of church music, with the goal of forming some conclusions and philosophies for their own church situation.

Required Reading:

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Foundations in Liturgy

Faculty: Dr. Christoph Tietze (Profile)

Description: In this course, the student will explore liturgy not only as a form but as living prayer within particular faith traditions. The following elements will be discussed: the origin and development of Christian liturgy, reformed traditions, cultural implications, liturgy over time, and other elements.(This course serves as an elective option for all Sacred Music students.) 

Required Text
  • Frank C. Senn, Introduction to Christian Liturgy. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8006-9885-0 (paper), ISBN 978-1-4514-2433-1 (ebook)

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Gregorian Chant: The Proper Chants of The Mass

Faculty: Dr. Christoph Tietze (Profile)

Description: This course is designed as an overview of the repertoire of the variable Mass chants. A basic knowledge of the liturgy and the liturgical year is required. Students not familiar with square notation of chant will find the optional book, which is easy reading, extremely helpful.

If a student wishes to take "Gregorian Chant: The Proper Chants Of The Mass" and "Processional Chants: A Pilgrim People Sings," care must be taken that the material is sufficiently different and that the musical examples used in each paper is distinct from the other course.

Required Reading:

  • The Gregorian Missal, Solesmes/Desclee 1990, ISBN 2-85274-133-4 (I find this text most suitable for most people, since it also contains the English translations. Alternate books are the Graduale Romanum or the Graduale Triplex, which are more comprehensive but without translations)

  • David Hiley, Western Plainchant: A Handbook, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993, ISBN 0-19816572-2

Optional Readings:

  • For those students who are not familiar with square notation:
    The Community of Jesus, The Song of Prayer, Paraclete Press, Brewster, MA, 2009, ISBN 978-1-55725-576-1

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Hymnology: Past and Present

Faculty: Dr. Martha H. Sobaje (Profile)

Description: In this e-tutorial the student will gain an understanding of the history of hymnology, those components that make up good hymns, and tools for effective use of congregational hymn-singing in the present day worship service.

Required Reading:

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Liturgical Arts and Sacred Languages

Faculty: Dr. John A. Stultz (Profile)

This course examines the way in which liturgy plays a primary role in the Buddhist Tradition. From the pre-canonical community and its Pujas at venerated Stupas, to the Cathedrals of Japan, liturgy continues to shape the Sangha.  (This course serves as an elective option for all Sacred Music students.)                       

Premise: Liturgy is a major part of the Buddhist faith. This course will explore the history and practice of Zen liturgy and will explore current thinking, methods and practices gleaned from ancient schools to current presentations. This will be an extremely informative course for anyone interested in understanding better the practice liturgy and its application in the contemporary culture.
                         
Objectives: To help the student understand the meaning of liturgy in the Buddhist faith with particular emphasis on the Zen tradition and the way in which the Buddhist Liturgy explicates universal doctrines. It will also explore how it may be applied in contemporary ministry.
                         
Required Textbooks: Both are available through Amazon.com
  • Heine, Steven. Zen Ritual: Studies of Zen Buddhist Theory in Practice. (USA: Oxford University Press, 2007)
  • Loori, John. Bringing the Sacred to Life. (USA: Shambhala Publications, 2008)             
Suggested Reading: Available through Amazon.com                         
  • Stultz, Anthony. The Book of Common Meditation. (USA: HOM Press, 2008)

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Masterworks for the Smaller Church Choir

Faculty: Dr. Alan Wellman (Profile)

Prerequisites:  Students are not required to have previous music theory knowledge, but should be somewhat familiar with general musical terms and composers.  The text provides a good introduction to the forms and styles of the musical eras.
 
Description:  Choral singing is vital for any church music ministry.  With the average church choir getting smaller and smaller, it is becoming difficult to find quality music for worship.  In addition, it is difficult to find extended music that the average church choir can perform well with limited numbers.  This e-tutorial will introduce students to forms and repertoire, in the context of music history eras, which can be performed by the smaller church choir.
 
REQUIRED READING:
  • Ulrich, H. (1973). A Survey of Choral Music.  New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
  • Rayl, D. & Highben, Z.M. (2015). Masters in Miniature: Repertoire by Great Composers for the Smaller Choir.  Choral Journal, March 2015, 8-20.
 
RECOMMENDED READING:
  • Garretson, R. L. (1993). Choral Music: History, Style, and Performance Practice.  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Robinson, R. (1978). Choral Music: A Norton Historical Anthology. New York: Norton & Co.
  • Schrock, D. (2009). Choral Repertoire. New York: Oxford University Press.

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Methods of Musical Archaeology: The Origins of the Proper Chants of the Roman Mass

Faculty: Dr. Christoph Tietze (Profile)

Description: James McKinnon and Christoph Tietze researched a cross-section of the same sources and came to some divergent conclusions. The student will study the methods behind each text and develop skills for further study.

Required Reading:

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Processional Chants: A Pilgrim People Sings

Faculty: Dr. Christoph Tietze (Profile)

Description: This course will explore the processional chants of the Mass (introit, gospel acclamation, offertory, and communion) and other liturgical and devotional services (e.g. Easter Vigil, Palm Sunday, and Holy Thursday processions, Stations of the Cross, etc). During this course, the student will examine the texts associated with each procession, the musical form of the associated chant, the historical context in which these processions were and are used, and some contemporary applications.

If a student wishes to take "Gregorian Chant: The Proper Chants Of The Mass" and "Processional Chants: A Pilgrim People Sings," care must be taken that the material is sufficiently different and that the musical examples used in each paper is distinct from the other course.

Required Reading:

  • Hiley, David. Western Plainchant - A Handbook. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.
  • (a) for students with some knowledge of Latin:
    Graduale Romanum. Solesmes: Abbaye Saint-Pierre, 1973.
    or
    Graduale Triplex. Solesmes: Abbaye Saint-Pierre, 1979.
    (b) for students with limited or no knowledge of Latin:
    The Gregorian Missal for Sundays. Solesmes: Abbaye Saint-Pierre, 1990.  This book is made available online here courtesy of The Solesmes Monastery. It is hosted online courtesy of the Church Music Association of America.

Optional Reading:

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Sacred Music in the Church: A History and Philosophy

Faculty: Dr. Brian J. Taylor (Profile)

Description: This tutorial is designed to give the student a thorough grounding in the history of Christian sacred music with an emphasis on the theological and cultural influences which affected its development. This history will deal primarily with the dominant European tradition, but it will also look at non-Western traditions, both in terms of their own integrity and in terms of their interplay with the European tradition. In addition, it will examine a number of parallel developments from the last 200 years. From this study the student will gain an understanding of the different philosophies that led to the great diversity of styles and performance practices in Christian sacred music. As the student encounters these different philosophies the student can develop or refine his/her own philosophy of sacred music in the Church.

Required Reading:

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