The following is a listing of the named professorships and their fields of designation.
Abu Hamid Mohammed al-Ghazzali Professor of Islamic Studies
Abu Hamid Mohammed al-Ghazzali (1058-1111) was a medieval Persian Islamic scholar and Sufi mystic. He worked as a professor in Baghdad (in present-day Iraq) at a college he founded. In his later life, he lived as a Sufi ascetic, wrote the book The Revivification of the Religious Sciences as well as his autobiography, and trained students as mystics.
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Abul Hasan Al-Nadwi Professor of Islamic Studies
Abul Hasan Al-Nadwi (1913-1999) was a leading Indian Muslim scholar and public intellectual. He was heavily involved in scholarship, authoring many books on the Indian Muslim community, Islam and history. He also served as rector at an institution of higher learning, the Nadwat al-Ulama in Lucknow, India.
Aisha Bint Abu Bakr Professor of Women’s Studies
Aisha Bint Abu Bakr (611-678) was a wife of the Muslim prophet, Muhammad. She has become a revered figure within Sunni tradition and is thought of as a source of words and deeds by the Prophet Muhammad.
Alexander Schmemann Professor of Eastern Christianity
Alexander Schmemann (1921-1983) was a leading ecumenical leader of his time and served as Dean of St. Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary. Born in Estonia, he was educated in France and later taught in the U.S. at Columbia University, New York University, Union Theological Seminary and General Theological Seminary. Schmemann helped to establish the Orthodox Church in America and held the title of “Protopresbyter,” the highest honor bestowed upon a married Orthodox priest.
Benjamin E. Mays Professor of Scripture and Applied Ministries
Benjamin Elijah Mays (1894-1984) was an important figure in Christian ministry and American education. Born in South Carolina, he served as a pastor before moving into teaching and, later, into a position as dean of the School of Religion at Howard University. He served as president of Morehouse College for more than two decades and as president of the Atlanta Board of Education for over 10 years.
Bernard Lonergan Professor of Theology
Bernard Lonergan (1904-1984) was a philosopher, theologian and economist from Quebec, Canada. Educated in Catholic schools, he professed as a Jesuit and was later ordained to the priesthood in 1936. His doctoral work focused on Thomas Aquinas and during his time as a professor at the University of Toronto, he wrote Insight: A Study of Human Understanding. Lonergan lectured throughout his life on theology, philosophy and economics, and focused on the importance of the clarification of methods in all disciplines.
Bishop James Anthony Walsh Professor of Asian Christian Studies and Musicology
James Anthony Walsh (1867-1936) co-founded the Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America, known as the Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers. He was ordained in 1892 and served as a curate, as Diocesan Director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith and founded the magazine The Field Aar. Walsh was elected to the episcopacy and named Titular Bishop of Siene in 1933. He served as Superior General of the Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers from 1911 until his death.
Bishop John Tinsley Professor of Anglican Theology
Charles Wesley Professor of Church Music*
Charles Wesley (1707-1788) was an Anglican priest, co-founder of Methodism with his brother, John, and is perhaps best remembered as a prolific writer of hymns. Born in Lincolnshire, England, he was educated in London and at Oxford University. During his lifetime, Charles Wesley published the words of over 6,000 hymns and wrote the words for another 2,000, many of which are included in the Methodist hymn book.
Dorothy Day Professor of Spirituality
Dorothy Day (1897-1980) was a social activist and founder of the Catholic Worker movement. She worked as a journalist for The Call, Commonweal and other newspapers for many years before she moved into nursing later in life. Her work focused on social action, including women’s suffrage, pacifism and civil rights. Day even turned her home into a place of aid for those who needed it, a decision that grew into a national movement of Catholic Worker houses.
E. Franklin Frazier Professor of African American Studies
E. Franklin Frazier (1894-1962) was a sociologist who is recognized as a leading scholar on the black experience in America and the black churches. A professor at Fisk University, Howard University, Morehouse College, and director of the Atlanta School of Social Work, his most notable work on the black church is The Negro Church in America.
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz Professor of American Muslim History and Culture
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (aka Malcolm X) (1925-1965) was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist from the U.S. His father died (killed by white supremacists, it was rumored) when he was young, and at least one of his uncles was lynched. As a teenager, he was placed in a mental hospital, followed by a series of foster homes. He later went to prison for breaking and entering; while there, he became a member of the Nation of Islam and later, its leader. In 1964, his disillusionment with the group’s head, Elijah Muhammad, led him to leave. He soon founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. He began his Hajj by traveling to Mecca, but also traveled through Africa and Europe, returning to the U.S. where he founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity. In 1965, he was assassinated by three members of the Nation of Islam.
Evelyn Underhill Professor of Historical Theology
Evelyn Underhill (1875-1941) was a renowned English writer and mystic. She studied at King’s College for Women in London and began writing during her adolescence, publishing her first work, Mysticism, in 1902. When she embraced the Christian faith, she spent much of her time providing spiritual direction and service to the poor. During World War I, she worked for the British military before becoming an established Christian pacifist. Underhill delivered the 1921 Upton lectures on religion at Manchester College, Oxford University, and continued to write throughout her life.
Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman Professor of Catholic Theology
Francis Joseph Spellman (1889-1967) was an influential American leader in the Catholic Church and a member of the College of Cardinals. Educated in New York and Rome, he received his ordination as a priest in 1916 and soon after became assistant to the papal secretariat of state. Appointed auxiliary bishop of Boston, he was made archbishop of New York by Pope Pius XII in 1939 and elevated in 1946 to the College of Cardinals.
François-Xavier Durrwell, C.Ss.R., Professor of Religious Studies
François-Xavier Durrwell (1912-2005) was a prominent figure in the Redemptorist order and a prolific writer. He studied in France and Switzerland, professing as a Redemptorist in 1931. Ordained in 1936, he studied at the Gregorian in Rome and later served as Professor of Scripture in the Redemptorist House of Studies (Luxembourg) and as Superior Provincial of the Province of Strasbourg. In 1996, Durrwell received a doctorate honoris causa from the Accademia Alfonsiana (Rome).
Gerhard von Rad Professor of Biblical Studies
Gerhard von Rad (1901-1971) was a German Lutheran pastor and scholar who helped to refocus attention on the Old Testament following the World Wars. Educated at the University of Erlangen and the University of Tübingen, he worked as a Lutheran curate in Bavaria and taught at several universities. Von Rad was Professor of Old Testament at the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg for many years until his death.
Gershom Scholem Professor of Jewish Spirituality
Gershom Scholem (1987-1982) was a major scholar of Jewish mysticism who trained three generations of scholars of Kabbala. Born in Berlin, he was part of the Weimar-era German-Jewish intellectuals who supported Zionism, and he immigrated to Palestine in 1923. Scholem was a prolific writer, publishing over 40 volumes and nearly 700 articles.
Henry Bergh Professor of Animal Ethics
Henry Bergh (1813-1888) founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) in 1866 and helped to found the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in 1875. Bergh was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to the American Legation at the court of Russian Czar Alexander II where his awareness of animal abuse developed. He later arrested and prosecuted animal abusers in New York and helped to strengthen American laws against animal abuse.
Imam Warith Deen Muhammad Chair of African American Muslim Studies
Warith Deen Muhammad (1933-2008) was a prominent leader within the African American Muslim community. Leader of the Nation of Islam following his father’s (Elijah Mohammed) death, he led vast numbers of Nation of Islam members to traditional Sunni Islam by the late 1970’s. He pursued interfaith cooperation with other religious communities, and worked with U.S. and international leaders, including President Jimmy Carter and President Bill Clinton.
James Ashbrook Professor of Pastoral Psychology*
James Barbour Ashbrook (1925-1993) was Professor of Psychology and Religion at the Graduate Theological Foundation from 1984 until his retirement in 1993. Educated at Denison University and the Colgate Rochester Theological Seminary, he taught at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary in Chicago for many years. Ashbrook was a widely published scholar and a leading authority on neuropsychology and religious behavior.
John Henry Cardinal Newman Professor of Theology and Ecclesial Mediation
John Henry Newman (1801-1890) was a philosopher and major figure within the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church. Educated at Oxford, he was ordained as an Anglican deacon in 1824 and by the early 1930’s, emerged as a leader of the Tractarians, contributing work to the Tracts for the Times collection of theological publications by members of the Oxford Movement. He later left the Church of England and was received into the Catholic Church, being ordained a priest in 1846. Newman spent several years as rector of the Catholic University of Ireland (present-day University College, Dublin) and in 1878, was elevated to Cardinal-Deacon of San Giorgio al Velabro (Rome).
John Wesley Professor of Homiletics and Biblical Studies
John Wesley (1703-1791) was an Anglican priest and co-founder of Methodism with his brother, Charles. After completing his studies at Oxford, Wesley became involved in a men’s group founded by his brother with a focus on spiritual growth; they referred to themselves as the “Methodists.” In 1738, he began to devote his life to evangelism and established Methodist societies throughout England beginning in 1739. Wesley married late in life and continued to travel and serve as an Anglican priest until his death.
Karen Horney Professor of Counseling and Psychology
Karen Horney (1885-1952) was born in Hamburg Germany, and earned her medical degree at the University of Berlin in 1913. After studying psychiatry at Berlin-Lankwitz, Germany, she taught at the Berlin Psychiatric Institute (1918-1932), then moved to the U.S. where she was associate director of the Psychoanalytic Institute of Chicago. She was also a member of the teaching staff of the New York Psychoanalytic Institute (1934-1941) and went on to become one of the founders of the Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis and the American Institute for Psychoanalysis. Although trained in traditional psychoanalytic techniques and theory, Dr. Horney believed that cultural and social factors influence early personality development as well as issues that arise throughout life, and emphasized addressing current problems prior to delving into a patient’s past. Her theory of feminine psychology paved the way for modern female psychoanalytic personality theory.
Karl Mannheim Professor of the History and Philosophy of the Social Sciences
Karl Mannheim (1893-1947) was a Jewish Hungarian-born sociologist and founder of the sociology of religion. He studied at the University of Budapest
where he earned a doctorate in philosophy. In 1930, he became professor of sociology at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
. After fleeing Nazi Germany, he served as a professor at the London School of Economics until his death a year later at the age of 53.
Karl Rahner Professor of Catholic Theology
Karl Rahner (1904-1984) was an influential Jesuit theologian. Born in Germany, he joined the Jesuit order in 1922 and was ordained in 1921. He studied under theologian Martin Heidegger at the University of Freiburg in Germany, after which he pursued his doctorate at the University of Innsbruck. Rahner edited various theological encyclopedias and served as an official theological consultant to the Second Vatican Council.
Katie Ferguson Professor of Religious Education
Catherine Ferguson (nee Williams) (1774-1854) is widely recognized as the founder of the Sunday School movement in the United States of America. She was born into slavery in New York City and bought her freedom around the age of 16. Although illiterate, Ferguson began teaching the catechism, Bible verses and hymns to neighborhood children in her home; she raised many of her orphaned students when she couldn’t find them homes. A home for unwed mothers bearing Ferguson’s name was opened in New York in 1920.
Martin Heidegger Professor of Philosophical Theology*
Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) is known as one of the 20th century’s most important philosophers. His main interest was ontology, or the study of being. Born in Germany and prepared to enter the priesthood, he attended the University of Freiburg where he studied theology, eventually leaving the seminary. Heidegger completed his doctorate in 1913 and was conscripted to serve in the German military during World War I after which he taught at the University of Marburg for several years. He wrote throughout his life; his work Being and Time (1927) is considered his most influential.
Paul Tillich Professor of Theology and Culture
Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was one of the most influential Protestant theologians of the 20th century. In 1912, he was ordained as a Lutheran minister and later served as a chaplain in the Germany army during World War I. After the war, he taught at a number of universities before moving to the U.S. with his family where he would publish many works, including the three-volume Systematic Theology. Tillich taught at Union Theological Seminary in New York, Harvard Divinity School, and at the University of Chicago from 1962 until his death.
President Jimmy Carter Professor of Mediation and Pastoral Care
James Earl Carter (1924-present) is the 39th President of the United States of America and recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. A graduate of the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, he spent several years in service before returning to Georgia to enter state politics. In 1970, he was elected Governor of Georgia and launched a Presidential campaign in 1974. In 1982, he founded The Carter Center to address issues of public policy both within and outside of the U.S. Carter is a prolific writer on issues of international policy and serves as University Distinguished Professor at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.
Raymond E. Brown Professor of Biblical Studies
Raymond E. Brown (1928-1998) was a major Biblical scholar and a member of the Sulpician Fathers. He earned the S.T.B. at St. Mary’s Seminary and University and the Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins University. Brown became one of the first American Catholic scholars to use the historical-critical method to study the Bible and served as the Auburn Distinguished Professor of Biblical Studies at the Protestant Union Theological Seminary for nearly 20 years.
St. Thomas More Professor of Canon Law and Pastoral Care
Thomas More (1478-1535) was councilor to King Henry VIII and is recognized as a saint by the Catholic Church and as a Reformation martyr by the Church of England. He attended Oxford University but later left to become a lawyer, then a Member of Parliament in 1504. He authored the controversial book Utopia (1516) about a politically and socially ideal nation and served on the King’s Privy Council, being knighted in 1521. Refusing to recognize the King as the head of the Church of England after the King split with the Catholic Church, More was tried for treason and executed.
Shaykh Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani Professor of Islamic Studies
Muhammad Nazi Adil al-Haqqani (1922-present) is a Turkish Cypriot Sufi Muslim who leads the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Order of Sufi Islam. He earned a degree in chemical engineering at Istanbul University, but was separately tutored in Islamic theology and Arabic. He pursued the study of spirituality and later established himself in Damascus, Syria. Widely traveled, Nazim has worked with Muslim communities around the world and, in 2000, spoke on religion and spirituality at the United Nations.
Sir Julian Huxley Distinguished Research Professor
Teilhard de Chardin Professor of Christian Spirituality*
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955) was an influential French philosopher, Jesuit priest, paleontologist and geologist. He studied in France and the U.K. and was ordained a priest in 1911. He worked for the National Museum of Natural History in Paris and later served in World War I where he developed his philosophical thought. In the early 1920’s, Teilhard began teaching at the Catholic Institute of Paris while continuing to write on philosophy during geological expeditions. Teilhard produced such works as Christianity and Evolution, Human Energy, Science and Christ, The Divine Milieu, and The Phenomenon of Man.
W. Edwards Deming Professor of Educational Reform
William Edwards Deming (1900-1993) was a scholar, statistician and creator of the “System of Profound Knowledge” and the “14 Points for Management.” He was a proponent of group-based teaching and management without performance reviews. After earning his Ph.D. from Yale University, he worked at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Census Bureau, and taught business administration at New York University and Columbia University.
Walter Rauschenbusch Professor of Pastoral Studies
Walter Rauschenbusch (1861-1918) was a Baptist minister and instrumental figure in the Social Gospel movement in America. Born to German parents in New York State, he was raised in an orthodox Protestant tradition and attended Rochester Theological Seminary. Rauschenbusch served as a pastor in New York City where he witnessed severe social inequality, leading him to combine his faith and his interest in social action. He later wrote the book Christianity and the Social Crisis (1897).
William James Professor of Psychology and Mediation
William James (1842-1910) is considered the father of modern psychology. He was educated at Harvard where he took his medical degree. James later taught at Harvard in philosophical pragmatism and developed the field of psychology with his monumental work, The Principles of Psychology, considered the classic text in the field.
William B. Oglesby, Jr., Professor of Pastoral Theology
William Barr Oglesby, Jr. (1916-1994) was Professor of Counseling Psychology at the Foundation from 1988 to 1993. An ordained Presbyterian minister, he took the Ph.D. from the University of Chicago and taught for many years at the Union Presbyterian Seminary in Virginia. Oglesby was an international leader in the field of pastoral care and counseling.